This effort is followed by exploration of the ways that particular interventions and psychotherapeutic interactions promote and contain those ingredients. The therapist must possess some essential qualities, such as paying attention to the patient, being empathic with the patient, and making his positive regard for the patient clear in the relationship.
Rather, the therapist relies on previous experience and on knowledge of the theoretical and research literature to choose interventions that are appropriate for the patient.
A brief historical overview1 of this movement might begin with an attempt to convert Freudian psychoanalytic concepts into the Psychotherapy integration of learning theories.
This assessment allows target problems to be identified and then clarifies the relationships among different problems, strengths, and the cognitive, affective, and interpersonal characteristics of the patient. The second tier, conscious cognition and affect, often draws the cognitive- behavioral and the experiential theorists.
In these and all of the other instances when active techniques were introduced to Mr. The fourth approach, Technical Eclecticism, is not concerned with theory, but does view the benefit of the patient to be of more significance than the adherence to any single theory.
Other articles you might like: When indicated, either on the basis of clinical experience or research evidence, cognitive, behavioral, systemic, or experiential techniques may be introduced to intervene in any or all of these psychodynamic issues. Work on overt Psychotherapy integration and conscious ideation and emotion can proceed from any of the three tiers, but will be most effective when the meaning of the behavior or thought is understood completely and the selected interventions are presented and used in ways that are experienced as benign and acceptable to the patient.
These discussions often stood as among the more enriching part of the therapy, as they highlighted all three tiers of psychological life in an immediate and vital way.
This view is central to our model. Science and Practice 1 A disadvantage is that there may not be a clear conceptual framework describing how techniques drawn from divergent theories might fit together. Conclusions Psychotherapy integration any case, the general point in three of these approaches, Common Factors, Assimilative Integration, and Theoretical Integration, is that there is a clear value to the role of theory in psychotherapy integration, whether the theory deals with the way integration works Theoretical Integrationthe framework that governs the choice of interventions Assimilative Integrationor the organizing principle for understanding the Common Factors that are present in all psychotherapy.
For example, psychotherapeutic integration using this model would include subjective approaches cognitiveexistentialintersubjective approaches interpersonalobject relationsmulticulturalobjective approaches behavioralpharmacologicaland interobjective approaches systems science.
Addiction Psychotherapy integration can be defined as an attempt to look beyond the confines of single-school approaches to see what can be learned from other perspectives Stricker, The findings of these last few research projects also address the questions of generalizability and teachability that we noted above.
The same patient going to different therapists may be given different reasons for the same problem. As hoped, he began to review his ideas and feelings about the therapist, psychotherapy, and his relationships in a new and more positive light, with a strengthened bond with the therapist being one result.
These modes differ from each other with regard to the hypothesized point at which the component therapies meet and meld with each other. Description The term psychotherapy integration has been used in several different ways. Instead, it usually is based on existing theories and goes beyond this conceptual foundation on a case by case, clinical basis, by adding new techniques and clinical strategies as they are needed.
However, colleagues can begin with any other theory and also will find it helpful to incorporate an expanded range of interventions.
Even though different theories or traditions can feel like they are at war or competing for our attention, we can ultimately embrace them all or at least the ones that we resonate with.
Tier 3 intrapsychic representations had been shaped by Mr. Hundreds of different theories of psychotherapy are practiced Norcross,p. Psychotherapy integration; Assimilative integration Electronic reprint permission: No matter what kind of therapy is practiced, each of these elements is present.
Theoretical integration involves the synthesis of novel models of personality functioning, psychopathology, and psychological change out of the concepts of two or more traditional systems.
The process of accommodation is an inevitable partner of assimilation. Having established a therapeutic alliance, and being exposed to the problem in a new and more positive context, both the therapist and the patient always expect positive change to occur. At this point in our work we have been concerned exclusively with clinical and theoretical issues, and have not been able to subject this model to Psychotherapy integration empirical tests that it requires.
Finally among the common factors, the patient is provided with a rationale for the problems that are being experienced. As noted by Arkowitzwhose fine history of psychotherapy integration has influenced extensively this more concise attempt, perhaps the first article of this type was written by Ischlondyand his work was expanded upon by French and by Kubie A related source of inspiration is Mosaic, a group of therapists from diverse traditions who have been meeting monthly over the last several years for the purpose of sharing our experiences as integrative or eclectic therapists.
The psychotherapy interventions used in Integrative Psychotherapy are based on developmental research and theories describing the self-protective defenses used when there are interruptions in normal development.
In Technical Eclecticism, the same diversity of techniques is displayed as in Assimilative Integration, but there is no unifying theoretical understanding that underlies the approach. That is, bumps generally occur in three realms: Correspondingly, such a request signalled the presence of a benign image of the therapist that required whatever confirmation was possible.
He had formed an attachment to this older person that he described as parental, and felt that he had been protected and supported in this relationship.
Science and Practice 3 1: Contemporary common factors investigators have built on these earlier efforts and have been able to demonstrate that most therapies do share a pool of curative ingredients.
This is the most difficult level at which to achieve integration, for it requires bringing together theoretical concepts from disparate approaches, some of which may differ in their fundamental worldview.Psychotherapy Integration: Bump Theory Explains How to Do It If you aim to draw on diverse techniques as a therapist, take this map with you.
Posted Apr 13, Psychotherapy, Case Studies, Psychotherapy integration, Process research in psychotherapy Common, specific, and treatment fit variables in psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy integration is defined as an approach to psychotherapy that includes a variety of attempts to look beyond the confines of single-school approaches in order to see what can be learned from other perspectives. It is characterized by an openness to various ways of integrating diverse theories and techniques.
Abstract Psychotherapy integration is an approach to treatment that goes beyond any single theory or set of techniques. Psychotherapy Integration: An Assimilative, Psychodynamic Approach George Stricker, The Derner Institute, Adelphi University Jerold R.
Gold, Long Island University Psychotherapy integration is an approach to treatment.
Psychotherapy Integration: A Postmodern Critique Jeremy D. Safran, New School for Social Research Stanley ultimedescente.com, Rutgers-The State University.Download