He gets into a fight in a bar and is sent to jail. The unions began to return to the stockyards by the turn of the century, and in the skilled butchers went on strike on behalf of the unskilled labourers, specifically over a claim for a combined scale of pay for all departments and classes of labour.
But the Lancet was not the first to bring to public notice the conditions in the stockyards. This adherence to socialism is unequivocal and is largely unquestioned, so it is possible to argue that this is primarily a socialist text.
In Europe there was a substantial socialist literature though the figures mentioned by Sinclair were in most cases not socialists at all: His reports in the Lancet for two years, beginning with the issue of 24 Decemberwere of such detail and seriousness that the United States government issued a formal reply which Smith rebutted in the issues of 14 July and 29 December As Sinclair saw the matter, it was hardly possible for the slaughterhouses to reform themselves.
The industry was a comparatively new one, made possible by the invention of the refrigerator car in the s. It would be too flattering to Sinclair to suggest that the novel was either responsible for the moves to reform the industry or to improve conditions. The second major strike, inwas spontaneous and unorganized.
To keep warm, Jurgis walks into a Socialist meeting. This is not a criticism as Sinclair may be seen to offer some balance to the many novels which never engage with left-wing political thought.
Yet things are beginning to change. Jack Duane is an experienced and educated criminal who is also "politically connected". Profit is the main if not the only concern in such a system and The Jungle argues that the individual worker is, therefore, of no intrinsic value.
As with the elimination of flogging in the United States navy and the powerful anti-flogging case made by Herman Melville in White-Jacketthe cause-and-effect relationship is elusive and probably unprovable. They negotiated preferential terms with the railroads which were denied to shippers of live cattle.
I despised modern books without having read them, and I expected social evils to be remedied by cultured and well-mannered gentlemen who had been to college and acquired noble ideals.
The arts belonged to a higher and purer realm of human endeavour than money-grubbing capitalism; but a corrupt society dragged down its highest impulses and cultural ideals: Simons discussed the stockyards as a visitor might experience them, and tried to explain the industrial process which they represented.
The effect of meeting socialists seems to have been electrifying: The bourgeois, he wrote, is well fed himself, his wife is stout, and his children are fine and vigorous.
For the characters in the novel there are two major transformations. All of this is told with a linguistic economy and moving simplicity which quietly reveals the lives of millions of Harriett Freans during the restrictive Victorian age.
When votes are bought and sold, the society is no longer the democracy it claims to be. Freddie is so wealthy and drunk that he does not notice or care that he has given Jurgis a hundred-dollar bill to pay the cab fare.
After the meeting, he is introduced to a man named Ostrinski, who teaches Jurgis about Socialism. In reply, Sinclair prepared affidavits, eye-witness accounts, legal records and other circumstantial material.
One of the first people he spoke to was Algie M. The truth, finally made clear, shocked me deeply, and played a great part in the making of my political revolt. He hops aboard a passing train, and leaves Chicago. He defended The Jungle in terms of verifiable truth.
She breaks into tears and tells Jurgis that a foreman named Connor has forced a sexual relationship on her.The Sinclairs has 11 ratings and 1 review. Linda said: My favourite series by J.S. Scott These books are fantastic and I love everything about the Sincl /5(1). The Jungle, Upton Sinclair - Essay Upton Sinclair Analysis of The Jungle should begin with the long passage describing What are the strengths and weakness of the book The Jungle by Upton.
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Sinclair's main purpose in naming the book, The Jungle, is to put the reader's focus on the heartless politics of Capitalism. If he had named the book Stockyards or Packingtown, a person's concentration may be solely on these places. The main theme of The Jungle is the evil of capitalism.
Every event, especially in the first twenty-seven chapters of the book, is chosen deliberately to portray a particular failure of capitalism, which is, in Sinclair’s view, inhuman, destructive, unjust, brutal, and violent.Download